This is the second in a pair of audio programmes on ROMAN MEMORY.

This episode features (in order of appearance)

Maggie Popkin (Case Western Reserve University) on the Roman souvenir trade, especially the glass bottles from Baia and Pozzuoli

Zena Kamash (Royal Holloway, University of London) on a small cattle figurine from Marcham Frilford (scroll down this page for a photograph)

Ernst Künzl on the history of souvenirs in the Roman Empire and beyond

Sonia Muro Castillo (Souvenirs Agrigento) on her campaign to rid Sicily of Mafia-related souvenirs, and almonds in Agrigento (scroll down for a photograph).

Emma-Jayne Graham (The Open University) on the Roman glass bottles, and the links between place and memory

Valerie Hope (The Open University) on Roman mourning and mementoes in the funerary sphere, including the epitaph of Allia Potestas.

How to Listen

You can listen on iTunes (where you can subscribe to the podcast – note that this feed takes a while to update, so the current episode may be slightly delayed in appearing in the list).

Alternatively, you can find us on our OU podcast channel, or you can listen to the programme on Soundcloud.

Further Reading

Graham, E-J. (forthcoming) Religion, material culture and the body in the Roman world. London and New York, Routledge (under contract).

Graham, E-J. (2018). ‘There buds the laurel’: Nature, temporality, and the making of place in the cemeteries of Roman Italy. Theoretical Roman Archaeology Journal 1(1): 3, pp. 1–16, DOI:  (Open Access).

Graham, E-J. (2011) ‘Memory and materiality: re-embodying the Roman funeral’, in V. M. Hope and J. Huskinson (eds.). Memory and Mourning: Studies on Roman Death. Oxford, Oxbow, pp. 21–39.

Hope, V. M. (2017) ‘Living without the dead: finding solace in ancient Rome’ in F. Tappenden and C. Daniel-Hughes (eds.), Coming Back to Life. The Permeability of Past and Present, Mortality and Immortality, Death and Life in the Ancient Mediterranean, McGill Scholarly Publishing: 39-70.

Hope, V. M. (2017) ‘A sense of grief: the role of the senses in the performance of Roman mourning’ in E. Betts (ed.) Senses of the Empire.: Multisensory Approaches to Roman Culture, Routledge: 86-103.

Hope, V. M. (2009) Roman Death. The Dying and the Dead in Ancient Rome. Continuum.

Hope, V. M. (2011) ‘Remembering to mourn: personal mementos of the dead in ancient Rome’ in V. Hope and J. Huskinson (eds.), Memory and Mourning: Studies on Roman Death, Oxbow: 176-195.

Hughes, J. (2017) ‘Souvenirs of the Self: Personal Belongings as Votive Offerings in Ancient Religion’ in Religion in the Roman Empire vol 3 no. 2 (Special Issue on ‘Embodying Religion: Lived Ancient Religion and Medicine edited by Georgia Petridou: 181-201. [read online here]

Kamash, Z. (2018) ”Sweet and delicious, he who tastes it will go back to it’: food, memory and religion in the Roman Middle East’, Theoretical Roman Archaeology Journal, 11.06.2018.

Kamash, Z. (2016) ‘Memory in Roman Britain’, The Oxford Handbook of Roman Britain ed. M. Millett, A. Moore and L. Revell. Oxford University Press: 681-696.

Kamash, Z. (2015). ‘Memory, materiality and religion in Roman Britain’, Archaeology, Syncretism, Creolisation. Oxford University Press.

Künzl, E. (2012) ‘Enamelled Vessels of Roman Britain’ in: D. Breeze (ed.), The First Souvenirs. Enamelled Vessels from Hadrian’s Wall. Cumberland and Westmoreland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society: 9-22

Künzl, E. (2008) ‘Enamelled bronzes from Roman Britain: Celtic art and tourist knick-knacks’, Current Archaeology 222: 22-27.

Künzl, E. (2004) Souvenirs und Devotionalien. Zeugnisse des geschäftlichen, religiösen und kulturellen Tourismus im antiken Römerreich. Sonderband Antike Welt. Zaberns Bildbände zur Archäologie, Mainz: Zabern.

Popkin, M. (forthcoming) Object Memory: Souvenirs and Memorabilia in the Roman World.

Popkin, M. (2018) “Urban Images in Glass from the Late Roman Empire: The Souvenir Flasks of Puteoli and Baiae.” American Journal of Archaeology122.3: 427-462.

Popkin, M. (2017) “Souvenirs and Memory Manipulation in the Roman Empire: The Glass Flasks of Ancient Pozzuoli,” in Materializing Memories in Art and Popular Culture, ed. László Munteán, Liedeke Plate, and Anneke Smelik. Routledge: 45-61.


Cattle figurine from Marcham Frilford: photograph by Ian Cartwright – School of Archaeology, University of Oxford.


Almond model - a souvenir of Agrigento designed by Sonia Muro Castillo
Almond model – a souvenir of Agrigento designed by Sonia Muro Castillo